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Wood processing

A CNC with solid roots

Costantino is a powerful and flexible CNC that allows you to obtain the maximum result with the minimum effort for all types of applications.
Costantino CNC is the ideal solution for both new machines and retrofits.
The machines equipped with Costantino CNC are able to satisfy all Industry 4.0 requirements.

All our experience with these machines:

Nesting machines
3 to 5 axis machines dedicated to cutting and decorating pieces of furniture panels, doors, advertising signs and light structures.

Specific requirements

  • Optimize production by saving labor costs for loading and unloading
  • Reduces processing times to increase productivity
  • Complex sequence of tools needed during machining
  • Complex work list and continuous interaction with production supervision management software

Drilling machines
Machines dedicated to the drilling, sawing and cutting of panels for the construction of furniture, kitchen tops.

Specific requirements

  • It reduces the modification time of the work configuration of the aggregates
  • Workpiece larger than the machine's working area

Lathe machines
3, 4 or 5 axis machines capable of simultaneously turning and milling to make columns, table legs.

Specific requirements

  • Turning and sanding, or milling and sanding, in a single pass
  • Easy programming directly from the 3D model

Saw blade cutting machines
3-axis cutting panels with oriented saw blade.

Specific requirements

  • Optimize production by saving labor costs for loading and unloading
  • High cutting speed

Machines for the solid wood industry
3 or 5 axis machines that work solid wood to create furniture, chairs, doors, window frames, wooden tools.

Specific requirements

  • Complex sequence of tools needed during processing which also includes aggregates, angle tools and blades
  • Reduces the overall processing time
  • Avoid collision with blocks and move them during machining to complete the work cycle
  • High precision and accuracy required for finishing machining
  • The result is a smooth machined surface

Main CNC features

  • PC-based solution: a single hardware containing the CNC together with HMI, CAM, nesting, optimizer and simulator to control the mechanical constraints of the machining, with completely separate and independent resources, to increase reliability and reduce costs
  • Look ahead up to 256 blocks, over 15,000 instructions per second
  • Multichannel architecture capable of executing several part-programs at the same time and synchronizing them
  • Standard ISO6983 syntax for the complete definition of machining and parametric nesting programming, which simplifies the interface with third-party CAD-CAM
  • Up to 96 controlled axes, some of which are dedicated to machining, the rest for the movement of the piece and blocks
  • Typical Motion Control features available in the CNC: gears in position, electronic cams
  • Gantry axes
  • Controlled jerk movements for all axes involved in the movement and separately for the tool tip, to avoid mechanical stress and obtain the best finishing surface
  • Automatic adjustment of the spindle rotation speed according to programming, to maintain constant speed or keep constant the amount of material removed during turning
  • High-speed machining to smooth edges while maintaining a defined tolerance, to reduce mechanical vibrations, reduce machining times and improve finishing results
  • High-speed machining optimized for milling on rotating blank
  • High-speed machining optimized for blade cutting
  • Volumetric compensation of positioning inaccuracies due to mechanical asymmetries and machine misalignments
  • Vibration suppression algorithms to prevent damage to parts, extend machine life and increase machining quality
  • Coordinates and origins of operation for roto-translation and mirror processing
  • High-speed machining available on 5-axis interpolation
  • Programming the position and orientation of the tool tip with the Tool Center Point (TCP) with bi-rotary heads with many tools oriented in different directions and with a rotating head and tilting head configuration, both typical of machines for machining the 5-axis wood
  • Alias axes to work on different physical axes with the same part-program
  • Management of auxiliary functions without the need to interrupt the movement
  • Availability of self-calibration cycles of TCP parameters. The recently obtained parameters can correct the part-programs generated by CAM to adapt to reality
  • Support of many different digital servo interfaces, for controlling EtherCAT and Mechatrolink servos with position or speed reference
  • Speed and torque feed forward to have a trajectory following error close to 0
  • OPC UA server for connection with MES
  • Remote I / O connected with EtherCAT fieldbus to allow the exchange of thousands of I / O signals
  • IO-Link interface gateway
  • Safety integrated with FSoE


  • Easy OEM HMI integration using reusable user controls or interface customization provided by ISAC
  • High definition interactive machining preview that the operator can rotate, pan or zoom. The already cut path is identified using different colors to quickly understand the amount of work done
  • Simulation environment available to check mechanical constraints and collision before running the part-program


  • Tool life management
  • Tool presetting, wear calculation and online integrity check
  • High efficiency and automatic tool change management
  • Compensation of the lathe tool size at the virtual tool tip or radius compensation
  • Advanced milling tool radius compensation with extensive geometric look ahead to prevent damage to workpieces
  • Tool withdrawal from material safely in the current arbitrary tool direction. Machining with spindle, tools and blades oriented in space

PLC logic environment

  • Powerful PLC logic shell compliant with IEC61131 standard
  • Extensive application libraries
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